A Walk Through Croton-On-Hudson – Vassallo Park

I’m afraid that the Town of Croton-on-Hudson is not a very “dog-friendly” town. It seems that dogs are not allowed in any of their parks, including this one: Vassallo Park. It’s quite a small park with very little to commend it other than a rather impressive old tree and a millstone.

A nearby sign reads:

A millstone from the Early Grist Mill on the Croton River. It was saved by John B. Goldsborough, Superintendent of Building the New Croton Dam, that was completed in 1907. It was moved from the site of the family home on Grand Street in Croton to this park in 1989.

A nearby sign reads:

The National Arborist Association and The International Society of Arboriculture jointly recognize this significant tree in this bicentennial year as having lived here at the time of the signing of our constitution.

I should point out that although the Town of Croton-on-Hudson does not seem to be dog friendly, the people certainly are. It was quite a hot day when I did this walk, and numerous shops had placed bowls of water outside for thirsty passing canines.

Taken with a Sony RX-100 M3

Lines on a fallen branch

I came across a fallen tree in the woods an on it were etched these lines. I have no idea how they’re made – possibly some kind of insect? They reminded me a bit of either the Chinese/Japanese paintings you often see, or perhaps some kind of ancient map with the lines representing roads and rivers. Maybe I should write “Here be Dragons” on it.

Taken with a Sony RX-100 M3.

Volcano on the sand

I thought at first that these small volcano-like mounds were made by some kind of animal, maybe a worm. However, I’m beginning to think otherwise.

I came across this article on Exploring the Sand on the Coastal Care site. It describes something very similar to what I found (there are even photographs and illustrations, which look at lot like the picture above):

The movement of the tides up and down the beach every half day or so is a highly visible process carefully watched by fishers, beach buggy enthusiasts and joggers alike. While all these obvious changes are occurring on the beach, important but much less visible things are happening beneath the surface. As the tide goes out, air replaces water between the sand grains. As the tide comes up, water replaces air. The beach is a giant bellows, alternately taking in and expelling air. As the air passing through the sand, a great variety of features form within the sand as well as on the surface of the beach.

You can watch for yourself as air is forced out of the beach. The best time and place to see this is at mid to upper incoming tide levels on the upper beach near the high tide line. If conditions are right, streams of bubbles can be seen through the thin water film of the uppermost wave swash, especially as the swash begins its return to the sea.

When the tide has left the bubble area high and dry, a careful look (on hands and knees) will reveal that some of the nail holes resemble tiny volcanic cones. With a magnifying glass and imagination, we call these features volcanoes. The uppermost part of the hole flares out and is rimmed by a tiny circular mound of sand (Fig. 5.5). The flow of air through the holes was strong enough to remove some sand at the surface and pile it around the rim. Again, if you are watching the swash zone at the right time you can see the tiny eruptions from the holes that expel water and the sand that produces the rim.

Taken with a Sony RX-100 M3