New World Record price for a Camera

“The serial production of the Leitz Camera, or Leica for short, the world’s first 35mm camera, is considered a milestone of modern photography. Before the first cameras were available in the mid-1920s, Ernst Leitz produced around 23 models of the prototype 0 series in 1923 and 1924. One of these rare cameras – the 0-series no. 105 – has now been sold at the 40th Leitz Photographica Auction for a price of € 14.4 million (about $15 million) including buyers premium. The 105 has thus broken the world record for the most expensive camera of all times.

Number 105 belonged to Oskar Barnack, who had designed the “Liliput camera” shortly before the First World War. It was the prototype of the Leica and thus also the prototype of the 35 mm camera per se. Barnack captured numerous motifs from his family life with the 0 series No. 105. He used the experience he gained in the process in the further development of the camera and its subsequent models. Barnack’s name is engraved on the top of the viewfinder of no.105.

The historical significance of the camera and its direct connection to Barnack were reflected in its pre-determined estimate of 2,000,000 to 3,000,000 euros. “To put these numbers into perspective: The most expensive camera in the world to date – also a 0-series, serial number 122 – was sold at the 32nd Leitz Photographica Auction in 2018 for 2.4 million euros including buyers premium,” said Alexander Sedlak, Managing Director of Leica Camera Classics, an Austrian subsidiary of Leica Camera AG. Leitz Photographica Auction operates under the umbrella of Leica Camera Classics.

“We are fully specialised in historical cameras and accessories. It was therefore a special pleasure for us to be able to auction Oskar Barnack’s personal camera, a prototype of the camera generation that laid the foundation for modern photography in the mid-1920s, as part of our anniversary auction,” said Sedlak. The intangible value – the historical significance – of 0 series no.105 goes far beyond the sum of € 14.4 million for which this camera was ultimately sold. Nevertheless, the world record sum proves the continuous trend of the last few years: “The prices are rising – the interest in vintage cameras is greater than ever before.” (Leica)

The picture above is not of the actual camera. Rather it’s a photograph of a replica introduced by Leica in the year 2,000. Out of production now for some time it can be found used for around a mere $2,000.

An old digital camera

I was assembling these pictures for another purpose when I realized that I had never done a full post on this camera: A Panasonic Lumix ZS-3.

I had bought a Panasonic Lumix LX-3 in 2010. I really liked it and it had a nice 24-60mm lens, but I felt I needed something with more reach, so I purchased this Lumix ZS-3 with its 25–300 mm lens. I was still comparatively new to digital cameras at the time and didn’t realize that both of these cameras (and particularly this one, which has an even smaller sensor than the LX-3) have a very small sensor and all of the problems with image quality that come with that. Still if you work within its limitations you can get some decent pictures and I really liked the small size and long zoom range.

Woman running through fountains at the Palais des Nations, Geneva, 2010.

Goslings, Rockefeller State Park Preserve, Pleasantville, NY, 2010.

Birds nest and stained glass. Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Sleepy Hollow, NY, 2011.

Iguana. Some Caribbean Island (I forget which), 2011.

Beach Scene – Turks and Caicos Islands, 2011.

Spider. Scarborough Station, Briarcliff Manor, NY, 2010.

It served me well for a couple of years until I swapped it for a an Olympus Pen-F. For a complete review see here.

Another new (used) camera: Fujifilm X-E1

In an earlier post I noted that I had started collect older digital cameras. Over time this has led to the acquisition of Canon EOS 5D; a Nikon D80; a couple of Micro 4/3 cameras – Lumix GF-1 and Olympus OM-D E-M10. I used to own a Fujifilm HS-10, which I didn’t like and eventually gave away. But I’d never used a Fujifilm X series camera. After waiting a while I found an X-E1 with a 35mm f1.4 lens for a very good price (the camera/lens combination cost less than the cost of the lens alone so the body was essentially free).

The Fujifilm X-E1 came out in 2013 and features:

  • 16MP X-Trans CMOS sensor
  • ISO 200-6400, 100 – 25600 expanded (JPEG only)
  • 2.36M dot OLED electronic viewfinder
  • Same control layout as X-Pro1, including top-plate shutter speed and exposure compensation dials
  • 2.8″ 460k-dot LCD
  • Built-in pop-up flash
  • Full HD movie recording with built-in stereo microphone
  • 2.5mm stereo microphone socket
  • Compatibility with wired remote control units (via either the USB port or mic socket)
  • Available in silver or black

A contemporary DP Review article concludes:

Conclusion – Pros

  • Unique camera design makes you want to take pictures
  • Excellent JPEGs, little need to shoot raw most of the time
  • Reliable metering and AWB systems, good color (with choice of ‘film modes’)
  • Dials for exposure controls allow for easy check of settings by glancing at the top deck, particularly with prime lenses
  • Impressive image quality at all ISO settings – good resolution and low noise
  • Built-in flash is handy for fill lighting in a pinch
  • Film-simulations offer quick access to different color modes and black and white filters
  • Use of electronic viewfinder simplifies interface while maintaining most important features
  • Quick menu gives fast access to most digital controls not covered by dials or buttons
  • Built-in level helps when capturing landscapes
  • Various bracketing modes are easy to set via the Drive button
  • Relatively quiet shutter
  • Excellent available prime lenses

Conclusion – Cons (my reaction in parentheses)

  • Built-in level isn’t always as accurate as we’d like
  • Relatively slow AF makes photographing children more difficult (Agree, but I mostly take pictures of things that don’t move)
  • Framerates in continuous shooting mode aren’t completely consistent (Have not observed this)
  • Camera disables RAW shooting without warning in some bracketing modes (Have not observed this either)
  • Relatively low-resolution rear LCD compared to some peers (It’s good enough for me)
  • Panorama mode can result in visible banding in plain tones (Don’t often use panorama mode)
  • Auto ISO often chooses too slow a shutter speed (specifically problematic with the longer primes) (Yes, but easy to work around)
  • Minimal control available in video mode (Don’t shoot video)
  • Continuous drive mode saves files with a different name, sorting them to the bottom (Don’t even understand what this means
  • Large and chunky build won’t suit everyone (It does suit me though)

Overall Conclusion

There’s a lot to be said for form as well as function and there’s no question the Fujifilm X-series cameras elicit a certain response from those of us who enjoy both photography and well-built gadgets. What’s great about the X-series cameras and lenses is they don’t just look like old photographic tools, they integrate digital and analog controls very successfully. Also, the old-style analog dials are really excellent ways of helping conceptualize things like shutter speed and aperture, the two main elements of photography one has to understand to use cameras effectively.

Those who already understand the concepts generally have no trouble understanding numbers on an LCD, but those who are learning can benefit from seeing the numbers laid out in a linear fashion; and the truth is I still find it helpful to turn a dial to adjust aperture, as I can do with the X-E1. For beginners, having that dial wrapped around the lens completely differentiates it from the body-bound shutter speed dial.

When using one of the XF prime lenses, the main photographic interface elements are right up front and visible, in the form of physical dials. Photography students would do well to secure a prime lens for this reason (as well as others).

Kit lens users will have to pay attention to the numbers on the LCD.

But that’s not all Fujifilm did right with the X-series cameras. Their simple button arrangements also make accessing common functions convenient. Important functions like Drive mode, Exposure, and Autofocus are dedicated to three buttons left of the LCD – a good position to adjust each setting. At first having a button for Drive mode seemed unnatural compared to a dial, but Fujifilm’s inclusion of fast access to bracketing modes made those even more useful. The Quick Menu allows access to almost all the other important adjustments the average still photographer will want to make, including things like ISO, resolution, and aspect ratio. Only one analog control needs fixing: the somewhat loose Exposure Compensation dial, which can be rotated accidentally, both in the hand and when being carried around or put in and taken out of a camera bag.

Of course, the elephant in the room is video. Although the X-E1’s design philosophy is based around giving you all the direct manual control you could ever need, this does not apply to video, which overall seems as much of an afterthought as it is in the X-Pro 1 and X100. For now, the X-series is simply not competitive with its peers in terms of video functionality.

As impressive as the Hybrid Viewfinder is on the other cameras in the X-series, the X-E1’s electronic viewfinder is excellent. Compared to the X-Pro 1’s finder in electronic mode, the X-E1 offers a better and higher-resolution image, but of course it can’t pull of the X-Pro 1’s impressive trick of switching to an optical view for those times when you want a literal ‘window’ on the world in front of your lens. The X-E1’s EVF cannot replace the X-Pro 1’s OVF but if you don’t really need or want an optical finder, the X-E1 is clearly a better choice than the X-Pro 1, thanks to its superior EVF and lower overall cost.


Arguably, it was very important that the X-E1, being the first ‘prosumer’ offering in the X-series, could be coupled with a zoom lens, and fortunately the new 18-55mm F2.8-4 R lens performs very well. Although pricey compared to typical ‘kit’ options, the higher cost is justified by very good optical performance, and solid image stabilization, with an unusually fast maximum aperture.

In addition to the 18-55, the X-E1 owner can also mount any of Fujifilm’s high quality XF prime lenses, the 18mm, 35mm, and 60mm, and now the new 14mm as well. After using all of them, I settled on the 35mm for most of my shots; its 53mm equivalence was just about right for most of my favorite subjects.

The built-in flash, while handy, produces the typical harsh frontal illumination we like to avoid. However, we liked the (undocumented) ability to bend back the flash to bounce light off the ceiling for a slightly more natural look, especially when shooting interior portraits.

Image Quality

Image quality is where the X-E1 shines, turning out JPEG images with extremely low noise, even at its highest ISO setting of 25,600. Contrast can be a little low in default JPEGs but this can be tweaked, although switching to Velvia film mode pumps contrast and color a little too much for most situations.

Shooting in Raw mode gives you a lot of control over brightness and color adjustments post-capture (as well as noise and sharpness) but X-E1 buyers should be aware that Silkypix, which is bundled with the X-E1, is one of the least enjoyable raw-conversion platforms out there, despite being very capable. Fortunately, after shaky beginnings, third-party raw support is finally pretty robust, with both Capture One and Adobe offering good support, closing the gap between the X-E1 and its conventional bayer-pattern competition when it comes to shooting and processing raw files.

If you’re a user of Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 4, or Photoshop CS6 and you haven’t already downloaded the release candidate of Adobe Camera Raw 7.4, we suggest you do so immediately.

It’s also worth noting that as we’ve come to expect from Fujifilm’s X-series, the X-E1’s built-in raw converter is excellent, offering all of the essential tonal and color adjustments that make shooting raw so useful, and delivering JPEGs that match in-camera JPEGs in terms of quality. The recent emergence of robust third-party raw support makes the X-E1 even more attractive, since it effectively makes it less of a risk. If you buy an X-E1, you don’t need worry that its raw files won’t fit into your usual workflow, which fundamentally alters the camera’s value proposition, and indeed that of the X-system as a whole. Both the significantly improved third party raw support and the development of lenses like the new 18-55mm zoom signal the maturation of the X-system for enthusiasts, and we can’t wait to see what comes next.

The Final Word

Overall, we really enjoyed shooting with the Fujifilm X-E1, and I’m very pleased with the images I got out of it. The camera crashed on occasion (it wouldn’t be a new X-series camera if it didn’t have some bugs…), leaving buttons unresponsive, and focus and exposure sometimes delivered odd results, but powering off usually cleared the error.

Ultimately, the Fujifilm X-E1 is a great little camera with a unique, retro design aesthetic, which works with a slowly growing selection of impressive lenses, and brings home images from both bright and dark places that rival some pretty heavy hitters. From the simple slab-sided design to Fujifilm’s enthusiast-friendly control logic, the X-E1 is tuned for the enthusiast photographer who likes straightforward controls and a no-nonsense emphasis on still photography. As such, despite it’s sub-par movie mode and less than stellar autofocus performance, it earns our coveted gold award, by a whisker.”

Below some pictures taken with this camera/lens combination during my first outing with it walking around my neighborhood.

Camera picture taken with a Sony A77II and Minolta 50mm f2.8 Macro lens. Other pictures taken with a Fuji X-E1 and Fuji XF 35mm f1.4 R

Film Camera 2021 -3 Pentax Espio 115G – Results

I liked the appearance of this camera with its brushed silver and black look and it was quite a pleasant camera to use.

The zoom to 115mm was a bit intimidating and extended for quite a distance from the front of the camera. I suspected that it was probably quite soft a the longer end of the zoom so I tended to avoid the telephoto end. Unfortunately I hadn’t realized that the wide end suffers a lot from pincushion distortion.

I took the camera out on a pretty bad day: it was overcast and dark with quite a bit of haze. Also I was using an old film (of course I didn’t know how old it was). So the resulting pictures needed a bit of tweaking in terms of exposure and contrast, but bearing in mind that the film was probably quite old they weren’t too bad.

The review I mentioned in the preceding post (See: Film Camera 2021 -3 Pentax Espio 115G) concludes:

I really enjoy using the 115G — it’s a lot of camera packed into a little package, and for me at least, the pluses are definitely more significant than the minuses. It’s a solidly built little machine that produces nice, sharp images. If you happen to see one turn up at your local thrift store at a reasonable price, grab it. I think you’ll find, as I have, that it’s a very capable shooter.

I’d agree: all things considered it’s a decent camera, but unfortunately I have other point and shoot cameras that I like more so I don’t think I’ll be using it again.

Above the brick wall of the former Speyer Estate.

A gate in the wall.

Passing the Old Croton Aqueduct trail.

A garden at the intersection of Albany Post Road (Route 9) and Scarborough Station Road.

Another garden, this time at the intersection of Albany Post Road and Revolutionary Road.

Entrance to Scarborough Presbyterian Church.

Crisscrossing patterns.

Detail of the door of Scarborough Presbyterian Church.

Historic (1764) Sparta Cemetery.

Tree at Sparta Cemetery.

The plaque reads in part: “This stone was pierced by a cannon shot fired from the British sloop-of-war Vulture commanded by Lieutenant Sutherland, 1780”.

Interesting detail of a headstone.

Gravestones and a monument.

Same tree as above, different angle.

A brick wall at the corner of Scarborough Road and Ridgecrest Road.

Another brick wall, this time with tree roots.

Film Camera 2021 -3 Pentax Espio 115G

This camera was given to me by a friend, who also gave me an old film with it. Some specifications below:

  • Size and Weight: Width 4.4 in; Height 2.4 in; Depth 1.6 in; Weight 7.58 oz
  • Lens: 3x optical zoom, 38-115mm f/3.9-10.5; 7 elements in 6 groups.
  • Optics: Min Focus Range 25.6 in; Focus Adjustment automatic; Max View Angle 59 degrees. The camera has a built in lens shield.
  • Flash: built in; red eye reduction; range 2-31 feet: ISO 400 (wide) 2.8 feet -13 feet: ISO 400 (tele)
  • Viewfinder covers 83% with Panorama frame, autofocus frame, close-up correction frame and LEDs indicating flash ready and autofocus ready.
  • Minimum shutter speed 1/300 second ; Maximum exposure 2 seconds in automatic plus bulb.
  • Self timer with 10 second delay
  • Film Speed Range: ISO 25 – 3200
  • Other features: Automatic film advance, date imprint, LCD display showing battery condition, flash mode, frame counter, landscape mode, red-eye mode, self-timer mode, auto power off infinity focus lock.
  • Flash Modes: auto, fill flash mode, flash OFF, red-eye reduction, slow synchro.
  • Takes 1 CR2 battery.

There’s a good review of of it here